Introduction to TIR Convention

Traffic-in-Transit

Global Transit Frameork

TIR Resources

An introduction to how TIR Carnet is used as a global passport for managing traffic-in-transit in the TIR-compliant countries.

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What is the TIR System?

‘TIR’ stands for Transports Internationaux Routiers (International Road Transport) and is an international Customs transit system. TIR is the only universal transit system that allows the goods to transit from a country of origin to a country of destination in sealed load compartments with Customs control recognition along the supply chain. This minimises administrative and financial burdens and Customs duties and taxes that may become due are covered by an international guarantee.

Origin

The TIR system was created to facilitate trade and transport whilst implementing an international harmonised system of Customs control that effectively protects the revenue of each Country through which goods are carried.

In 1949, shortly after World War II, the first TIR Agreement was concluded between a small number of European countries and led to the elaboration of the TIR Convention in 1954 under the umbrella of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE).

TIR system today

At the beginning of 2010 the TIR System has 68 Contracting Parties (including the European Union) on four continents. Many more countries in Africa, Asia, the Middle East and South America have demonstrated their interest in acceding to the system in the near future (See TIR geographical coverage).

Over the past 10 years the number of TIR Carnets issued per year was around 3 million.

The TIR System has proved to be extremely successful and is the only global Customs transit system in existence. This popularity can be explained by the special features of the TIR regime, which offers transport operators and Customs authorities a simple, flexible, cost-effective and secure system for the international transport of goods across frontiers.

The TIR Convention permits the international carriage of goods by road from one customs office of departure in one country to a customs office of arrival in another country, through as many countries as necessary, without any intermediate frontier check of the goods carried. This, of course, requires a number of precautionary measures, such as customs control and secure sealing or prescriptions for the design of the load compartment or the container, in order to avoid smuggling. To cover duties and taxes at risk throughout the journey, an international guaranteeing chain has been established under the Convention. The International Road Transport Union (IRU) has been authorized to distribute the international Customs transit and guarantee document, the so-called TIR Carnets and to manage the international guarantee system. The overall supervision of the TIR Convention and its application in all Contracting States falls within the responsibility of the TIR Administrative Committee, an inter-governmental organ comprising all Contracting Parties and its TIR Executive Board (TIRExB), comprising 9 elected members from the Contracting Parties. The TIR Convention has contributed significantly to facilitation of international transport and trade in the UNECE region, particularly between EU and non-EU countries as well as among non-EU countries.

In summary TIR is the materialisation of the multilateral approach:

(a)          Access to 58 TIR operational countries

(b)          Management of a low cost, high value guarantee

(c)          Intermodality

(d)          Security in the supply chain

(e)          Reduced delays and costs for the international transit of goods

(f)          Trade facilitation: goods move across international borders with minimum interference

(g)          Encouragement of international trade

(h)          Economic benefits for individuals and nations

TIR Country List

ISO Code

Contracting Parties

Countries with which a TIR transit
operation can be established:
as of 4 September 2013 */

Association Code

 

National Associations **/

 

AFG

Afghanistan

Afghanistan

055

ACCI

ALB

Albania

Albania

044

ANALTIR

DZA

Algeria

-

-

-

ARM

Armenia

Armenia

079

AIRCA

AUT

Austria

Austria

084

AISÖ

AZE

Azerbaijan

Azerbaijan

075

ABADA

BLR

Belarus

Belarus

034

BAMAP

BEL

Belgium

Belgium

014

FEBETRA

BIH

Bosnia and Herzgovina

Bosnia and Herzgovina

067

AIRH

BGR

Bulgaria

Bulgaria

046

AEBTRI

CAN

Canada

-

-

-

CHL

Chile

-

-

-

HRV

Croatia

Croatia

064

TRANSPORTKOMERC

CYP

Cyprus

Cyprus

035

TDA

CZE

Czech Republic

Czech Republic

047

CESMAD BOHEMIA

DNK

Denmark

Denmark

017

DTL

EST

Estonia

Estonia

031

ERAA

FIN

Finland

Finland

021

SKAL

FRA

France

France

019

AFTRI

GEO

Georgia

Georgia

054

GIRCA

DEU

Germany

Germany

016; 048

BGL; AIST

GRC

Greece

Greece

037

OFAE

HUN

Hungary

Hungary

049

MKFE

IDN

Indonesia

-

-

-

IRN

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

Iran (Islamic Republic of)

057

ICCIM

IRL

Ireland

Ireland

024

IRHA

ISR

Israel

Israel

056

IRTB

ITA

Italy

Italy

038

UICCIAA

JOR

Jordan

Jordan

086

RACJ

KAZ

Kazakstan

Kazakstan

081

KAZATO

KWT

Kuwait

Kuwait

061

KATC

KGZ

Kyrgyzstan

Kyrgyzstan

080; 092

KYRGYZ AIA; AIRTO-KR

LVA

Latvia

Latvia

033

LATVIJAS AUTO

LBN

Lebanon

Lebanon

082

CCIAB

LBR

Liberia

-

-

-

LTU

Lithuania

Lithuania

032

LINAVA

LUX

Luxembourg

Luxembourg

014

FEBETRA

MLT

Malta

Malta

090

ATTO

MDA

Moldova

Moldova

060

AITA

MNG

Mongolia

Mongolia

087

NARTAM

MNE

Montenegro

Montenegro

068

PKCG

MAR

Morocco

Morocco

085

AMTRI

NLD

Netherlands

Netherlands

026

TLN

NOR

Norway

Norway

025

NLF

POL

Poland

Poland

051

ZMPD

PRT

Portugal

Portugal

041

ANTRAM

ROK

Republic of Korea

-

-

-

ROU

Romania

Romania

050; 052

UNTRR; ARTRI

RUS

Russian Federation

Russian Federation

053

ASMAP

SRB

Serbia

Serbia

089

SCC-ATT

SVK

Slovakia

Slovakia

040

CESMAD SLOVAKIA

SVN

Slovenia

Slovenia

043

GIZ INTERTRANSPORT

ESP

Spain

Spain

036

ASTIC

SWE

Sweden

Sweden

029

SA

CHE

Switzerland

Switzerland

015

ASTAG

SYR

Syrian Arab Republic

Syrian Arab Republic

083

SNC ICC

TJK

Tajikistan

Tajikistan

078

ABBAT

MKD

The Former Yugoslav 
Republic of Macedonia

The Former Yugoslav 
Republic of Macedonia

065

AMERIT

TUN

Tunisia

Tunisia

063

CCIT

TUR

Turkey

Turkey

042

TOBB

TKM

Turkmenistan

Turkmenistan

076

THADA

UKR

Ukraine

Ukraine

066

AIRCU

ARE

United Arab Emirates

-

-

-

GBR

United Kingdom

United Kingdom

022; 023

RHA; FTA

USA

United States of America

-

-

-

URY

Uruguay

-

-

-

UZB

Uzbekistan

Uzbekistan

074

AIRCUZ

 

European Economic Community

 

 

 

 

*/ Based on information provided by the IRU

 

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